Pallas's cat

The most unusual cat of wild steppes with a broad but fragmented distribution in the grassland and mountain steppes of Central Asia. Predominantly crepuscular (active at dusk and dawn), these cats can be active at any time of the day in winter. As a result of its cryptic coloration (i.e.,well camouflaged) very little data exists on population trends for the Pallas’s cat in Mongolia and this species may be re-categorized as Threatened under the International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Criterion A in the future when assessing the species’ population.

Snow Leopard

This beautiful big cat is listed as vulnerable on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species because the global population is estimated to number less than 10,000 individuals and decline about 10% in the next 23 years. Snow leopards are perfectly adapted to the cold, barren landscape of their high-altitude home

Argali sheep

Argali Sheep is the largest species of wild sheep, native to the highland of Central Asia. Mongolia represents one of the last strong-holds for the globally threatened argali sheep. These cursorial sheep are species of mountainous areas, living from elevations of 300 to 5800m.

Asiatic Wild Ass

The khulan or Asian wild ass is found today in southern Mongolia and parts of northern China. They are listed as an endangered species on the IUCN Red List. They are very energetic animals and move in a nomadic pattern, tracking unpredictable resources in their desert environment. Some of their movements can be enormous, travelling thousands of kilometers in just a few weeks in search of food and water.

Wild Horse

Przewalski’s horse is still found today, though it is an endangered species and for a time was considered extinct in the wild. Roughly 2000 Przewalski’s horses are in zoos around the world. A small breeding population has been reintroduced in Mongolia. As of 2005, a cooperative venture between the Zoological Society of London and Mongolian scientists has resulted in a population of 248 animals in the wild.

Long-eared Jerboa

Long eared jerboa has extremely long ears that length may be up to half of the body length. This species occurs in China and Mongolia. In Mongolia reported it stony, sandy and gravelly arid desert with sparse vegetation in desert habitats of the Trans Altai Gobi Desert and Alashani Gobi Desert. Mongolia represents the northern limit of its global distribution. It was categorized as an endangered species on the IUCN Red List in 1996.

Birds

Mongolia has a unique and diverse natural composition that is abundant with tall mountains, forests, rivers, lakes, plains and deserts. Three major flyways for migratory birds pass through Mongolia and a total of 487 bird species have been recorded.

About Us

We have more than 5 years experiences in Wildlife research and watching tourism. We are located in the steppe region, however we organize bird and mammal watching trip in all region of Mongolia.

We established “Steppe Wildlife Research and Conservation Center” in steppe of  Eastern Mongolia in 2018; organized conservation and research activity on Pallas’s cat and steppe eagle since 2016; identified 248 species of birds in the region in migration season since 2015; created the Master Plan for the development of biodiversity conservation and tourism in Sukhbaatar aimag in 2018, and published the “Pallas’s cat of Eastern Mongolia” and “Birds of Eastern Monglia” book in 2018.

Savour Your Next Holiday

Pallas’s cat Eastern Mongolia: Pallas’s cat in pictures reveals, through images and some of information, elusive small cat. It books introduce the elusive small cat to animal lovers for conservation activities.

Snow leopard of Mongolia: Snow leopard in picture reveals through images and some of information, beautiful big cat snapshot of the remarkable life of a conservationist and animal lovers.

"By the end of the day, my Mongolian bird list had reached 76. I thank for his guide and driving. It was an excellent day"
Robert Tovey
@BirdingRob
“The guide was everything I hoped for, and more. Pallas's Cat Tour really makes a difference, I would have never discovered the beautiful places we stopped for"
Tom Musika
Designer

Wildlife of Mongolia

Mongolia covers a range of habitat: not only steppe grassland, but also mountain, forest, deserts and lakes. Due to this and its geography it contains a very diverse and unique assemblage of animals and plants, with species from both Asia and Europe represented. Its representatives have adapted to different climatic conditions from the hot summer of the desert to severe winters of the mountains. Mongolia occupying more than 1,564,116 square kilometer inhabits about 730 species of vertebrates, more than half of which are birds nesting mainly in deltas of rivers and along the shores of lakes. In this area occur more than 64 different fish species, 6 amphibians and 21 reptiles. Mammals in this area are represented by 147 species, distributed from hot desert to the glaciers of Mongol Altai. Invertebrates in the fauna of Mongolia are represented by the rich variety of insects: arthropods, arachnids, butterflies and others. Mongolian nomadic herders, heard animals and their wild counterparts have all co-existed and adapted within a functioning ecosystem for thousands of years. The single greatest threat facing many species of wildlife across the world today is hunting for commercial wildlife trade. Some of them are killed because of the beautiful fur others because of branched horns, supposedly beneficial to health. They are killed as pests when they search food come to a person’s land. Some of these animals lose their habitual location due to people’s economic activities. In Mongolia this was illustrated by the sad example of Przewalski’s horse. This species was first discovered in Mongolia during the late 19th Century, but by the mid-20th Century it was categorized as Extinct in the Wild. Fortunately, it has been reintroduced to its native habitat in Mongolia at 3 different locations since 1992. Even the gobi bear, a mammal that has become a symbol of many activity, has fallen into the Red Book. Another example is Yellow-breasted bunting is critically endangered in international IUCN red list, it is hard to believe from the 2000 the bunting is in the category low risk/least concern. To preserve the flora and fauna in Mongolia protect areas have been created: nature reserves, national parks, specialized nurseries. Legislative protection of rare species of animals and plants is covered by the Red Book and Red List that has become a kind of alarm signal about the danger that threatens this or that species. But still the most important in the conservation of natural component is a single person. Each of us is able to carefully and thoughtfully treat the living nature, teach our children with love and trepidation to treat every small representative of flora and fauna. Protection and restoration of rare and endangered species should always be considered as one of the most important problems. The extreme climate and the range of precipitation and altitude across the country means that Mongolia had diverse habitat a rich wildlife. The main habitat in Mongolia are: Mountains: 60% of Mongolia is between 1000 and 2000 m. The main mountain masses in Mongolia are found in the west, with the Altai chain running throughout south and western Mongolia. The other two main mountain range are the Khangai mountains in central Mongolia and the Khentii mountains in the north; there are also mountain ranges north and west of Lake Khovgol. Several mammal species in Mongolia are well adapted to the harsh and cold mountain condition, such as the snow leopard, argali sheep and ibex. Taiga forest: The greater amount of precipitation in the north of Mongolia allows forest to grow, largely composed of larch, spruce and pine species. This extends north into Siberia. Taiga species in Mongolia includes reindeer, moose, wolverine, Siberian flying squirrel and Siberian musk deer. Main forest steppe: found on central Mongolia and characterized by hill and valleys covered with steppe grassland, with patches of silver birch and some larch on northern slopes. This zone covers 25% of Mongolia and is home to red deer, wild boar, Mongolian marmot. Steppe grassland: a vast expanse of almost flat grassland extends across from the far east to the Valley of the Lakes. This area provides habitat for Mongolian gazelle, goitered gazelle, Pallas’s cat, hare and Mongolian marmot. Desert steppe- this habitat forms the boundary between the steppe and true desert. Species found in this area include khulan/wild ass, goitered gazelle and saiga. Desert: the Gobi desert is typified by very little or no precipitation and is found the south Mongolia. However, the desert provides enough food for the Gobi bear, wild Bactrian camel and several species of jerboa.